The second wave of Covid-19 saw a surge in the number of children infected by the coronavirus. Children who were up to that point being considered silent carriers were similarly inclined to the infection this time and showed varied symptoms. This stirred a lot of questions among parents regarding the third wave of covid-19.
There is no indication that children will be significantly or more severely affected in the third wave of Covid-19, according to AIIMS Director Randeep Guleria. The Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) has said that though children remain vulnerable to infection, it has been “doubtful that the third wave will predominantly or exclusively affect children”. It also noted that there was no evidence to suggest that most children with Covid-19 infection will have severe disease within the third wave.
Stating that nearly 90 percent of the infections in children thus far have been mild or asymptomatic, IAP in an advisory said, “The most important reason is that the lesser expression of specific receptors to which this virus binds to enter the host, and also their system. A tiny percentage of infected children may develop moderate-severe disease. If there’s a huge increase within the overall numbers of infected individuals, an excessive number of youngsters with the moderate-severe disease could also be seen… Children are as susceptible as adults and older individuals to develop an infection, but not a severe disease. It’s improbable that the third wave of covid-19 will predominantly or exclusively affect children.”
AIIMS Director Dr Randeep Guleria Thoughts:
He said that it is better not to use the term ‘Black Fungus’ while speaking of mucormycosis, stating that it results in tons of avoidable confusion. He said labelling an equivalent fungus with names of various colors can create confusion. “Black fungus is another family. This term got related to mucormycosis thanks to the presence of black dots among the culture of white fungal colonies. Generally, there are various sorts of fungal infections like candida, aspergillosis, Cryptococcus, histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis. Mucormycosis, candida and aspergillus are those observed more in those with low immunity,” he said.
“The number of cases of Black Fungus being reported is increasing, but it’s not a disease, meaning it doesn’t spread from one person to a different, as Covid does,” he added.
Niti Aayog (health) member VK Paul had earlier said that since children can get infected and spread the infection to others, efforts are made to ensure that they’re not a part of the transmission chain.
Steps Taken By The Government To Restrict The Spread Of Infections
- Recently, India recorded a record high of 2.73 lakh cases in a single day. But the end of the long, dark tunnel is finally visible. Starting May 1, 2021, all Indians above 18 will be eligible to receive a shot of the COVID-19 vaccine!
- Industrial establishments, private clinics and hospitals, and state governments can straightforwardly purchase vaccines from manufacturers. This will empower a quicker vaccine rollout, subsequently decreasing the tension on healthcare infrastructures. Thus, the manufacturing area is probably going to see a lift.
- Vaccines will currently be given to state governments and in the open market at pre-proclaimed costs, making it simpler for the private players to acquire immunizations straightforwardly.
- Other than government channels, imported completely prepared vaccines (like Russia’s Sputnik-V) will likewise discover more use.
- All schools, colleges and cinema halls will remain closed as a measure to counter the coronavirus. Schools and colleges where exams are not being held will also remain closed.
- All educational institutions, stadiums and sports clubs are closed until further orders amid the coronavirus scare as a precautionary step. The Corporation also ordered the cancellation of all sports events within its limits and phased segregation of flea markets, including weekly markets, with an instantaneous effect. It’s also issued an advisory asking people to desist shopping, especially eatables and garments, from roadside vendors.
Walk-in vaccination at government-run centres now allowed for people in the 18-44 age group
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare stated that creating online appointments mandatory for vaccination for the 18-44 age group has prevented overcrowding at the vaccination centers. But walk-in registration has now been opened for this age bracket to stop vaccine wastage. “In case of sessions exclusively organized with online slots, towards the top of the day, some doses should be left unutilized just in case the web appointee beneficiaries don’t happen on the day of vaccination due to any reason. In such cases, on-site registration of a couple of beneficiaries could also be necessary to attenuate the vaccine wastage,” the ministry stated during a press release.
However, the Centre has empowered the respective state and UT governments to turn the matter ultimately. “State/UT must choose to open of on-site registrations/facilitated cohorts’ registration and appointments for 18-44 years age group supported the local context even as a further measure to minimize vaccine wastage and for facilitating vaccination of eligible beneficiaries within the age group 18-44 years,” the ministry stated.
It also added that walk-in vaccinations won’t be allowed at private vaccination centres that can still publish their vaccination schedules exclusively with slots for online appointments. Meanwhile, the Centre further stated that it’d advised the states and UTs to issue clear instructions to all or any district immunization officers to strictly adhere to the decision of respective state/UT governments regarding the extent and manner of using the on-site registration and appointment feature for the 18 to 44 age group.
Understanding About Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome In Children
According to CDC, multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in children is a condition where different body parts can get inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, cerebrum, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. Nonetheless, we realize that numerous youngsters with MIS-C had the infection that causes Coronavirus, or had been around somebody with Coronavirus. MIS-C can be serious, even deadly, however, most kids who were determined to have this condition have improved with clinical consideration.
Common Symptoms Of MIS-C
- Abdominal pain
- Neck pain
- Bloodshot eyes
- Feeling extra tired
Be aware that not all children will have all the equivalent symptoms. Seek emergency care directly if your child is showing any of those emergency warning signs of MIS-C or other concerning signs:
- Trouble breathing
- Pain or pressure within the chest that doesn’t get away
- New confusion
- Inability to wake or stay up
- Pale, grey, or blue-coloured skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone.
Wash Hands Regularly:
- Make sure your child washes their hands often with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds. If soap and water aren’t readily available, confirm your child uses a hand sanitiser that contains a minimum of 60% alcohol.
- Teach your child to hide all surfaces of their hands with hand sanitiser and rub their hands together until they feel dry.
- If your child is under six years old, supervise them once they use hand sanitiser.
Avoid Close Contact: Keep your child a minimum of 6 feet far away from others who don’t accept them and people who are sick (such as coughing and sneezing).
Wear A Mask: Children 2 years of age and older should wear a mask. Help your child (if two years old or older) wear a mask correctly when publicly and around people they don’t accept.
Clean Surfaces And Objects: Clean high-touch surfaces and objects regularly (for example, daily or after each use) and after you’ve got visitors in your home. Focus on high-touch surfaces and objects (doorknobs, tables, handles, light switches, phones, remote controls, and countertops). Clean other surfaces in your home once they are visibly dirty or as required. Clean them more frequently if people in your household are more likely to be very sick from COVID-19.